Due process in the era of me too

Hooker, Donald

Original

Transcript

Due Process in the Era of Me Too by DOW ‘.“C-N9t¢’.’!”H©1<@ On September 27, 2018, in the United States Senate's Judiciary Committee, the nation heard riveting testimony of an attempted sexual assault, and the denial of that assault. A crime that had occurred 37-years ago with no corroborating witnesses. In a he—say, she—say trial, who gets the benefit of the doubt? The accused, or the accuser? In this era of Me T00, is it guilty until you can prove yourself innocent, or innocent until proven guilty? Could due process be sacrificed at the alter of gender politics, and why does it matter? In reviewing my in—cell library on feminist theory, these matters and debates are not new, and the answers to these questions have long been addressed. The first question that has to be asked, "Who speaks for the feminist?" "Who has her girlfriend's back?" The demarcation in the feminist lines can best be exemplified 1/9 by the research complied by one feminist researcher. The emergence of "privilege—checking", however, reflects the reality that mainstream feminism remains dominated by the straight white middle—classes. Parvan Amara interviewed self-identified working class feminists for a piece published on internet magazine The F Word and noted that many of the women she spoke to found themselves excluded from mainstream feminism both on the internet and "in real life". Amara notes that many women tend to encounter feminism at university. Women who do not go on to further education face a barrier when attempting to engage with those academic debates that drive feminism.[l] So if academia is where the debates that are driving feminist theory are occurring, what does that academic debate look like if she is not white? Ignoring the difference of race between women and the implications of those differ- ences presents the most serious threat to the mobilization of women's joint power. Refusing to recognize difference makes it impossible to see the different problems and pitfalls facing us as women. Some problems we share as women, some we do not. You fear your children will grow up to join the patriarchy and testify against you, we fear our children will be dragged from a car and shot down in the street, and you will turn your backs upon the reasons they are dying.[2] 2/9 Another theorist surmised, "Black women's own views on rape can't help being shaped by the actions of their white sisters. That is to say, that Black people cannot use a white supremacist justice system without perpetuating white supremacy."[3] These other theorist have long been critical of weaponizing process. This was recently on display in California. There, a recall movement was taking place to remove a judge for imposing a light sentence on a Stanford University student for sexual assault. The most vocal opponents to the recall were Black women. ,The most visible, former California Supreme Court justice, Janice M. Brown.[4] She argued, that punishing a judge for excercising discretion will only harm defendants of color. Statistics bear this out. Per 100,000 of the Black and Brown population in 2010, 6,000 were imprisoned; while per lO0,000 of the white population in 2010, 650 were imprisoned.[5] Black and Brown persons of color are in front of Criminal Court judges far more than whites. Another theorist called this type of feminism, Carceral Feminism, and rails against the federal passage of the 1999, Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). "Many of the feminists who had lobbied for the passage of VAMA remained silent about countless other women whose 911 calls resulted in more violence. Often white, we1l—hee1ed feminists, their legislative accomplishment did little to stem violence against less affluent, more margin- alized women."[6] And a further theorist noted, "If women do not share ‘common oppression,‘ what then can serve as a basis for our coming together?"[7] 3/9 These other feminist theorist, the marginalized, had observed that the debate was about rational-feminism, versus emotional—feminism. This feminist theorist argues that rational—feminism must prevail over emotional feminism. The sisterhood line as currently practiced (but not in the 1960s and early 1970s) is white, bourgeois, sexist propaganda. Women just turn around from seeking approval from men that they never got; to demanding unconditional approval from women. They put each other on a pedestal and imagine each other to be flawless goddesses.[8] This same theorist argues, the root of emotional feminism is nothing more than a chauvinist plot to keep women marginalized and caught up in their emotions, rather than applying her faculities of reasoning. The root of this is the patriachal socialization of women to restrict themselves to the sphere of feelings, while letting men develop the rational faculties necessary to wield power. Women are taught to read romantic novels, major in English, or maybe psychology, if the women seem like they are getting too many scientific ideas.[9] Is the rallying cry, “I BELIEVE HER“, the death nails to due process? Is process, going to be sacrificed at the alter 4/9 of gender politics? Is the new standard for America's fathers, brothers, husbands, and sons, "GUILTY, UNTIL YOU CAN PROVE YOURSELF INNOCENT"? one theorist's l992 writings, used the 1986 rape convictions of white women by the race of their rapist. 68—percent of their rapist were white; 22—percent of their rapist were Black; 5—percent were Other; and 2-percent of their rapist were Mixed. The theorist begs feminst to take a serious look at the 22—percent of white women raped in 1986 were raped by Black men. The theorist goes on to state a general proposition that all feminist can generally agree upon, "Three—quarters of all rapes are by acquaintances, and the figures on rape should reflect that women are raped by the type of people they date, In 1986, l2-percent of the men available to white women were Black. However, no where near l2-percent of the sex white women were having were with Black men. Thus the 22—percent of white women's rapist being Black, were disproportionately high. Furthermore, the population of white women was more than six—times the population of Black men. For every white woman who had a sexual acquaintance with a Black man, it takes six-Black men, to be those acquaintances. Out of those acquaintances charged with rape, the 22—percent figure means a very high proportion of Black men generally are accused of rape by white women compared to white men. The theorist takes note, up to this point, the figures 5/9 have been examined from the perspective of the rape victim. But taken from the Black man's perspective, white women are a large group of the American population, while Black men are a relatively small one. For Black men, 63.3—percent of their rape accusers were white women. If Black men had 63.3—percent of their sexual interactions with white women, then the accusations might be fair, but this was far from the case. The theorist surmised we could get an idea of how skewed the accusations were by looking at "interracial dating." The theorist could not give a figure for what percentage of the dates people went on were interracial. Instead, the theorist surmised we could guess that it was similiar to the figures for the percentage of people in interracial marriages. Black men married to white women accounted for O.3—percent of total \ marriages in the United States as of 1989. In 1989, less than 4—percent of Black married men were married to white women, so we estimate that less than 4—percent of Black men's dating were with white women. Hence, less than 4—percent of accusations faced by Black men should come from white women. Instead, the figure was 63.3—percent.[10] The history of that story, is the otherside of sexual politics here in America. An America where the LAPD and Oakland—PD have had 100s of convictions overturned, due to incredibly, credible, false testimony of police officers. A 6/9 land where l5—percent of the Black population in Tulia, Texas, were incarcerated by the incredibly, credible, testimony of a single racist officer.[ll] According to the gan Quentin Newé, l39—prisoners nationwide were exonerated in 20l7.[l2] Credible demeanor in testimony has never been foolproof. The National Academy of Sciences, along with the FBI, have noted, eyewitness testimony is the most unreliable testimony.[l3] While this would obviously be in reference to witnesses testifying against strangers, but the juries which wrongly convicted these defendants were doing so from witnesses who were credible and convincing in their testimony. In 2013, 153 of the 268-exonerations by the Innocence Project were for rape.[l4] 72—percent of all DNA exonerations are people of color. Of the 72—percent, 6l—percent are African Americans.[l5] Theorist can clearly see, "I BELIEVE HER," with its lock—in—step demands of sisterhood, is classic emotional—feminist theory. What is the emotional—feminist rationale to do away with "INNOCENT, UNTIL PROVEN GUILTY"? Nor could emotiona1—theorists surmise they are not doing away with this uniquely, American, idea. In Mexico, every defendant is guilty until proven innocent, and that standard has failed to be a vanguard in protecting the sisterhood of sexual violence in that country. "I BELIEVE HER," is a presumption—of—guilt, rather than the presumption—of-innocence that the rational—feminist are standing for, and for years have been arguing against the emotional-feminist assault on process. 7/9 While emotional—feminism, with its well—heeled, racial, social, and economic status is having the loudest voice, their marginalized sisters, whose rational—feminist approach, is the only voice of hope for fathers, brothers, husbands, and sons; a hope, the otherside doesn't win the debate. End Notes [1] Ealasaid Munro. "Feminism: A fourth wave?". Pofliticai Siudieb Aéégagaxgon, www.psa.ac.uk/insight-plus/feminism—fourth—wave/ [2] Audre Lorde. "Age, Race, Class, and Sex: Women Redefining Difference". Race, Czaaé, and Genden in the United Stated, St Martin's Press, 1995, Third Edition, pg. 445-451, [Paper delivered at the Copeland Colloquium, Amherst College, April 1980.] [3] MC5. "Using Women of Color for an Individualist Pseudo—Feminist Agenda". Gendea and Revotuzionany Feminiém, MIM Theory, Summer & Fall 1992, Numbers 2 & 3, Vol I, pg. 94-96 [4] Donald "C-Note" Hooker. "The Myth of Intersectionality to Women of Color". Mpnibond Thotz, 27 May 2018, www.mprisondthotz. wordpress.com/20l8/O5/27/the—myth-of-intersectionality—to—women— of—color/ [5] "Changes in Incarceration Rates". Coafiétion Fad PhLAOne&A' Righté Newaietiem, Oct. 2015, Vol. 40—v, No.10, pg. 2 [6] Victoria Law. "Against Carceral Feminism". Jacobén Magazine, Oct. 20l4, www.jacobinmag.com/2014/l0/against-carceral-feminism/ 8/9 [7] Bell Hooks. "Feminism: A Transformational Politic". Race, Ciaéb, and Gendeh in the United Siaieé, st. Martin's Press, 1995, Third Edition, pg. 494 “[8] ibid. 3, pg. 95 [9] MC5. "Rationalists and Mystics". Gandgn and Reuofiutionany Fgmgn{5m, MIM Theory, Summer & Fall 1992, Numbers 2 & 3, Vol. I, pg453 [10] MC5. "The Myth of the Black Rapist". Gendeh and Reuoiuiionahy Fgminiém, MIM Theory, Summer & Fall 1992, Numbers 2 & 3, Vol. I, pg. 91-93 [ll] Michelle Alexander. The New Jim Chow: Maéé Incancenation in the Age 06 Coiohbiindneéé. The New Press, 2012, pg. l0 [12] Marcus Henderson. "l39 prisoners nationwide were exonerated in 2017". San Quentin Newi, Aug. 2018, pg. 14, www.sanquentinnews [13] Radley Blsko. "New National Academy of Sciences study critical of eyewitness testimony." The waéhingion PoAi,3 Oct. 2014 [14] Erik Lorenzsonn. "Five Things You Should Know About DNA Exonerations." The PhogheAAive,30 Mar. 2013, www.progressive.org [15] "DNA Exonerations in the United States: Fast Facts". Innocence Phojeci, www.innocenceproject.org [C—Note has written for Phiaon Action Newé, Caiifiohnia Phiion Focué, Mphibond Thoiz, and Oak Voice. He's been written about in "Peop£e, Daneaiphiaonant, Inaide CDCR, and KCET:Lo4 AngeieA'¢ Dgpantuheé. In 2017, Google Search listed him as both America's and the world's most prolific prisoner—artist.] 9/9

Author: Hooker, Donald

Author Location: California

Date: November 14, 2018

Genre: Essay

Extent: 9 pages

If this is your essay and you would like it removed from or changed on this site, refer to our Takedown and Changes policy.

Takedown and Changes Policy
Browse More Essays