Parole in Michigan
By: Christopher J. Velthuysen
What is parole? Parole is a conditional release firm prison during which the offender continues to serve his/her sentence.
An (order of parole) has standard mandatory conditions, such as regular reporting to a (parole agent), not leaving the state (without prior written permission), submitting to alcohol and drug testing, refraining from possessing firearms or other weapons, ect.
The parole board "(may)" also impose "(special)" conditions designed to address the (unique) needs of each individual (I.E. requiring mental health treatment, prohibiting contact with minor children, restricting the operation of motor vehicles, ect.
Payment of Restitution will be a condition of parole (if) it was "ordered" by the court as part of the sentence.
Factors of Parole
1). The length of "Time" the prisoner has been incarcerated.
2). The nature & seriousness of all the crime(s) for which the prisoner is under sentence, including all (aggravating & mitigating) conditions.
2A). What are the aggravating conditions?
2AC). They include the use of or threat of a (weapon), physical or psychological injury to the victim, excessive violence to the victim (beyond that necessary to commit the offense), if the victim was transported or held captive, if the victim was unusually vulnerable, if there was property loss or damage, if the crime is a (sexual offense) or involved and the prisoner/offender acted as a "leader".
2B). What are the mitigating conditions?
2BC). They include when the offense/act was "situational" with (little) likelihood or recurrence, or (if) there were other offenders involved and the offender in question's role was minor.
3) The number, frequency, and nature of (all) misdemeanor and felony convictions, any juvenile history. And any failures while on delayed sentence, probation or parole.
4). Pending criminal charges or detainers.
5). Institutional adjustments- (wrote performance, remaining misconduct free, school completion/G.E.A. or HSD; disciplinary credits, program completion, and interactions with staff and other prisoners).
6). Readiness for release - vocational/college classes,(I.E. employment readiness or work keys, and the showing development of realistic and suitable parole plan. (Prisoners sentenced after December 15, 1998, and whose imprisonment is (two) years or more, a G.E.D./HSD is required for parole.
7). The prisoner's personal history - employment history, family ties, and community ties, and a demonstrated willingness to accept responsibility for past behaviors.
8). The prisoner's physical and mental health, any hospitalizations or treatment for mental illness.
9) The prisoner's assaultive & property risk screening (statistical risk factors).
10). The prisoner's age, or marital history.
11). The victim's crime statements, (which by law they are allowed to make/present to the parole board.
Look up: Administrative rule 791.7716 - for the factor guidelines the parole board looks at/uses.
MCL 791.236 - for special conditions are parole.
If you are working on an APWA-related project, please let us know how you plan to utilize the Archive. We hope to share information about your work with our readers and, whenever possible, with relevant APWA authors.
APWA is an open access archive. We encourage use of the writings for research, course planning, and projects engaged in examination of the criminal legal system. Reproduction of essays in their entirety infringes on author copyright without their explicit consent from the writers. Please contact us if you plan to reproduce entire essays; we will do our best to put you in contact with the authors for consent, and their compensation for any project that is profit making.